Monthly Archives: December 2010

Invaluable editing tips by Marti McKenna

Marti McKenna is a writer/editor living and working in Seattle, Washington. Her short fiction has appeared in Tomorrow magazine and More Amazing Stories anthology. A 22-year computer game industry vet, she’s currently busy managing the Writing Team at En Masse Entertainment and writing an urban fantasy YA novel.

I tend to be a fairly seat-of-the-pants editor. I can tell you how to improve a sentence, but I don’t often have a ready technical explanation as to why my way is better than yours. For this reason, I rely heavily on my reference library. But although dense writing style books are useful when it comes to explaining editing choices to non-writers, the single most useful book I ever read on editing is so concise it gets lost amongst those scholarly tomes.

I keep a copy of The 10% Solution: Self-Editing for the Modern Writer by the late Ken Rand (Fairwood Press) at home, and one at work. I give a copy to every writer and editor who works for me. I keep extra copies on hand to give away as gifts. So when the Feckless Goblin asked me for a blog post with editing tips for writers, I knew right away that Ken was going to be my go-to man (and that wherever he is, he’s thrilled to help).

Rand perfected his method over 25 years, but the seeds were planted in the late ‘60s when he was tasked with writing 30-second radio ads and the idea grew as he moved on to writing humor columns. The basic theory is this: your writing will improve greatly if you make it a goal to cut 10% by employing a few ridiculously simple tips. Late author Jack Cady said of the slim 68 page paperback “[it’s] proof positive that effective books on writing need not be long or tedious. This is the best tool for writers that I’ve seen in many, many years.”

Suck Proudly

10% is bursting with useful bits of wisdom…. but perhaps the most important one for writers to remember is the one I chose for the title of this post: Let the Writer Write.

“If I had a hat that said “writer” on it, I’d make sure I had another that said “editor” on it. If you try this, remember: Never wear the two at the same time.”

The writer, to paraphrase author Wil Wheaton, should not be afraid to suck. I’ve been calling myself a writer for almost 25 years and this one of the hardest lessons I’ve had to learn, but it’s finally sinking in. “Just write,” Rand says. “Write fast.” Ignore grammar and spelling, if you can. (Turn off grammar/spellchecking until it’s time to edit.) When you hit a speed bump, such as a term you can’t remember or a name you haven’t invented yet, leave a note for your editor self and move on. (Rand suggests the reporter shorthand “tk,” meaning “to come.” I use [tbd] or [name] or whatever works. The point is, don’t let it stop the writer.)

Yes, it’s hard, Rand admits, to banish the Editor from the room during the writing process, but do it anyway. Then get up, take off that Writer hat, walk around, drink a glass of water, and when you’re ready, put on your Editor hat and get ready to meet The List.

Magic Syllables

If you’re anything like me, the first time you employ The List, you’ll experience pure, unadulterated editor bliss. These syllables and words, taken one at a time, act as a magical map to the potential weak spots in your manuscript. Rand asks editors to type each word or syllable into the search box and examine the instance for possible revision.

Take “that,” for instance.

“Here’s another indication that there may be problems in a sentence. Or: ‘Here’s another indication there may be problems in a sentence.’ Even better: Here’s another problem indicator.’ Or informal… ‘Another problem indicator.” Or, if I decide the modifier ‘problem’ has been established well enough… ‘Another indicator.’ That was easy.”

Or “Said.”

“Phrases like ‘She pontificated,’ ‘He articulated,’…and similar ilk are called “said-bookisms.” Avoid them. Said is intended to be invisible. Like articles: “a,” “an,” and “the.” Don’t fear to use it.”

On the other hand, Rand points out, you don’t have to use it to excess:

“If Bill and Monica are in a room talking, how often must you say “Bill said” and “Monica said”? Establish attribution early (for accuracy and clarity), but you don’t have to do it each time Bill and Monica speak. We got it.”

Then there are the “wishy-washy” words, like “very,” “many,” and “several.” Rand provides guidelines to help you determine whether you need the word, or might do without it.

“Consider: is “very good” good enough? Is “very, very good” twice as good? Then how much better is “very, very, very good?”

Everything Else

Rand goes on to provide a dozen or so additional gems of editing wisdom, including one writers often neglect: reading the manuscript aloud. In bold caps, he writes: “If you take nothing else away from this book, take this…”

I’m pretty sure most writers discover this trick the first time they attempt to perform a live reading in front of an audience. Much as reading a printed copy reveals errors you’ll miss on screen, reading your work aloud can reveal problems at every level–factual, logical, structural, grammatical, and aesthetic–that you might not have otherwise noticed.

Personally, I say if you take one thing away from this book, and from this post, it’s that writing and editing are two completely separate processes. The Writer is the artist and the Editor is the critic. When it’s time for the Writer to write, send the Editor out for a gallon of milk and lock the front door.

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Christmas Greetings: writers should take drugs

Christmas greetings to you all, this cold and wintry day.

Okay, let’s admit it. Somewhere along the line some aunt or uncle, some friend of the family, maybe even your mother or father, dropped you on your head. That’s the only explanation for the countless hours you spend writing away in that darkened room, your fingers bleeding as you pour out all that excess angst onto the electronic page.

You’re a nut job, pure and simple.

Relieving your inner dullness

Now here’s one to get you hot under the collar. You’re not suffering from brain damage. Here’s the breaking news: writers are dull, DULL, DULLLL!!!!

There, I’ve said it.

Take a look at Wilbur Smith, take a look at Dan Brown, JK Rowling, or even Stephen King. These are not the kind of people who stand out in a crowd and neither are you. They are not amazing raconteurs who can hold the attention of a room with their humorous tales and accounts of personal daring do. You probably won’t catch old Dan swinging naked from the cherry tree (though I may be doing him an injustice, the talentless little feck).

Writers, for want of a better way of putting it, live almost exclusively inside their own heads. They venture out every now and again to say hello to the unsuspecting world (look world, here’s a story what I wrote!!), but more often than not, they’ve got the curtains drawn and they’re hidden in the corner, maybe with a bottle of the strong stuff, far from prying eyes and doing their imaginarium thing. That’s why their skin is as pasty and grey as a three day old zombie.

For writers, the real world sucks

It’s not they who are dull, it’s the world around them. For chrissakes, they could have been anything! But to be born into a world so lacklustre and devastatingly puerile – what a terrible thing to happen. They could have been hobbits, they could have been Sixteenth Century lotharios, they could have been battling zombies and vampires with Van Helsing like vigour. They could have been a devastatingly suave secret agent battling megalomaniac bad guys.

If only the world was like that. If only the world wasn’t so dull.

But the world is not dull. It’s vibrant and terrible, fantastic and terrifying. It’s colour blinds those who can see, its noise rages for those who can hear. And yet the writer wants none of this unless it is on paper , forged from the depths of his insipid mind. He hides away, creating his own world. His own beautiful, terrible world that he controls with god-like munificence.

And to what end? 

As you sit and type away at your computer this evening, ponder on this: What is your purpose? Why do you spend so many of the few seconds and minutes that you’re allocated in this life, sitting at a PC terminal, making stuff up? WTF is the point? Why aren’t you out there doing something more important? Like saving the world for real. Or doing the garden.

The answer: It’s simple. All writers are scaredy cats. And that’s the bottom line. They define their imaginary worlds, they meet death without the consequences, they change the way things turn out. All on paper. All pretend.


So why do people want to be writers? Why do those feckless others, when you say you’re a writer, go oooh and aaaah and their eyes fill with gooey self-respect? Who put the sexiness into writing?

But…but…but…I hear you mutter into you Tiahuanaco Egg Nog…

Writers are intelligent – they have an insight into people that other, mere mortals can only dream of.

WRONG: Writers suffer from what is commonly known as OCD – if they weren’t tapping away creating their own little words they’d be scrubbing their hands every 30 seconds to ensure they were clean.

Writers dare to dream – exploring new ideas and the possibility of new worlds. What about Bradbury? What about Asimov? What about Orwell?

What about them? Writers generally rehash what is already there or has been done before. Very, very, very rarely, like monkeys in a room full of typewriters, they’ll come up with something original out of sheer luck.

Writers explore the human condition, making us think, making us philosophise, they raise the questions we all need to answer.

Bollocks: The human condition is already there. It has been since the year dot and we still haven’t got the hang of it. We meet it every day we step out our front doors of a morning. All writers do is take something akin to tracing paper, copy the damn thing and pretend they came up with some astounding insight.

Christmas Greetings: So now you’re depressed

You’re looking at your work and now you think it’s all worthless. And it is. Add together all the pages ever written and what have you got?

The world’s longest toilet roll. That’s what!

How many of those zillions of pages actually contain something that is earth shattering and meaningful and rich and beautiful and…

Hell, I may as well just launch into my Christmas jingle…

Dashing through the snow on a V8 wonder sled,
Crashing into trees cos I’m off my fuckin head.
Been smokin santas pipe- a dozen beers or more.
I’m heading to the red light zone to get myself a whore.

Oh Jingle bells, jingle bells, Santa’s smokin’ weed.
Mrs Claus is on the floor, she’s overdosed on speed.
Blitzen’s fucked, the elves are too, they’re trippin’ off their heads.
If Rudolf snorts another line, the c**t will wind up dead!

There, I rest my goddamn case…


6 tips to keep your online persona fresh

Your problem? No one knows who the hell you are.

You may be the best writer in the world, or you may be the worst, it doesn’t matter, unless someone is mentioning your name, then you’re a nobody. If you’re festering at the bottom of the internet bucket, chances are you smell and no one wants to talk about you (unless it’s about how bad you stink). So it’s time you cleaned up and got to the party.

So here are 6 tips to revamp your online persona and make you the most popular kid in the garbage dump.

Engage, engage, engage. There’s no point being a shrinking violet in the corner of the party. You’ve got to mingle and meet people. Get to know them, even if they’re a million miles away and you’re not likely in a month of zombie Sundays ever going to meet them in person. In t’internet terms that means blogging, twittering, Facebooking and so on and so on, ad infinitum. Amen.

Pull your pants down and bend over for the great god of social media because you’re about to give it out to him…and then some. Engage until your fingers blister and tears of blood fall upon your beloved keyboard.

Say interesting things. Okay, so some of you are dull as dishwater and would rather blog about your cat and how it’s purring contentedly while you’re writing your latest masterpiece on how cats take over the world. But if you want to get people talking about you, and to you, you have to say something that will interest them. Make it humorous, make it contentious. Just get out of that dark corner of the party and say something they’ll damn well remember. Think internet tourettes and you’ll be some of the way there.

Speak regularly and intelligently. Don’t babble on for five minutes and then disappear for the next couple of weeks. You need to be socialising on a regular basis to make it in this digital world. If it’s getting in the way of your writing, then set a schedule and make time to be online with your fan base at least once a day.

Blog two or three times a week, Facebook and Twitter at least two or three times a day.

Don’t be rude. If you’re persona is Mr Rude Man and that’s what you are, then fine. But if you’re just a normal hack, trying to make your way in this crazy world, then try to be nice to people, even when they’re offering less than constructive criticism. If people think you’re an arse, they’re not going to want to play with you, it’s that simple.

Everyone has a right to be here, even if some of them are as dumb as fire-eating clowns in an oil refinery.

Keep your fecking to a minimum. The odd, well placed swear word works well. Littering your tweets and blogs with expletives will really feck people off – fecking get? Huh.

Do up the house occasionally. That blog you have, that list of crap down the side, those damn colours, that funny old logo, once in a while you need a revamp. Freshen up your page and cut out some of the dead links. Take a look at some of your posts and have a quick edit. Change your twitter icon.

Change your pants…just…change…something!

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Stop being a self-published author, become an indie

Let’s face it. You turn round and say you’re a writer and people’s faces perk up. It’s a cool thing to be. Then you tell them you’re a self-published author. The perkiness goes right out of their skin and bone. They might even smirk or fall into their porridge.

You know the reason why.

I wrote something…no one liked it…I self-published…it’s shite.

And let’s face it, most self-published stuff is unpolished shite. You may be sitting there, feeling proud of your latest work on Smashwords or Kindle but the truth of the matter is that it’s probably a little bit shit, if not a big piece of shit.

The point I’m trying to make is that saying you’re self-published is like telling people you’ve got leprosy…they ain’t going to shake your hand and say well done. And they sure as hell ain’t going to smile.

Let’s go INDIE

Having thought about this over a couple of scotches for all of five minutes, I guess I’ve come up with the master plan. And here it is, hold onto your pantyhose Louise:

You will no longer be a self-published author, you will become an indie, an independent, someone who flicks the V’s in the face of convention and says: I did it my way! Indie sounds edgy, it sounds progressive, it sounds…fuck me, dangerous.

So the next time someone asks, you’re not a self-publisher (think how close that is to self-abuser), you’re an indie author.

How to fake it as an INDIE

You can run solo and tell people you’re an Indie, but sure as hell they’re not really going to believe you. A solo Indie is about as plausible as a ten tonne dolphin wearing mother’s lingerie.

That’s why Indies have to get together in groups. Indies work better in a pack. What you need to do is get together with your writing friends, the ones you want to form an Indie Alliance with, and set up your own label – like record companies ( yes like them).

Call yourselves the Son’s of Darkness or some other absurd name, get yourselves a website and pretend you’re something important. But above all, pretend you’re a collective of like minded individuals, creating something for the greater good.

  • Post as a group, become a group, become a force of nature.
  • Steam roller the world into submission with your aggressive indie-ness.
  • You are the one and only true sons/daughters of the revolution.

You are an Indie, using the latest technology to bring your bright, cutting words to the generally unsuspecting general public. You are born again into a world of idolatrous idiots, who will bow down before you and worship you at the altar of Indie-Word-Writing-Kinda-Thingy.

Okay, so the scotch is beginning to wear off a little.

A word to the INDIE wise

Sounds a good idea,huh? Rebrand yourself? Become an Indie and not a dumb self-publisher? Sounds sweet as cherry pie, boy, and twice as thick.

But ask yourself this question: Who’s going to be an Indie with yah? Huh? Huh!!!

Let’s assume that you know you’re quite good…at least you suspect it, even if you’re not arrogant enough to admit it to the world. INDIE sounds good to you. It sounds like it was meant for you and you want to set up this little Indie group that’s going to wow the face off the writing world.

You have a vision…now you just need some fellow scribes to populate it. You put out a call, INDIE calling! INDIE calling!

And every man. woman and homicidal mouse from here to Denver wants a slice of that cream pie. If you’re serious about being branded as INDIE, then you’re going to have to be serious about who you let into your Indie group.

And that’s where it starts getting complicated. And pretty nasty.

One thing bright writers are not short of is EGO. It’s what keeps them going. If you are a pretty good writer then you have that in abundance. Get a load of writers together and what do you have…

A pretty boring party admittedly. Until they get drunk enough to have a fight. Or start revealing all those dark and terrible things that made them want to write in the first place.

The point I’m making is that you can call yourself Indie and brand yourself that way, but you’ll have to make big choices in who you associate with and that may not be a good thing for you. It’s chock full of hidden dangers. What if the group you form gets taken over by another, more forceful writer? What if you’re not good enough to be in the group you, yourself, created? What if you have to tell friends they can’t be in this clique?

Well that’s the thing about being Indie. There’s a lot of fighting to be done. Still, you do have another choice. You could always wait until everyone starts calling themselves an Indie and then start calling yourself a self-publisher or you could pimp your ride and get a couple of shot guns and a few grenades and just go out there in the world and be a real renegade and blow the fuck out the nearest McDonald’s.

The choice, as always, is yours.

Become a real cult

The next step on from Indie is to become a cult and to have a cult following. Cult followings are generally a group considered risqué or beyond the boundaries that people who have no right believing in a cult (such as middle class accountants and estate agents) tell their friends about in order to appear interesting.

Now the main point about this is that people start talking about you.

Cult status doesn’t last long but it will make you feel good. Because the next stop on is fame and fortune. Because people go: Oh look he/she has cult status, he/she must have something to say.

And there you go, Bob’s your Uncle and Fanny’s your Aunt. You have fame at last!

And that’s where all the misery begins…

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Writers need an editor

need an editor
So you’ve written a novel, have you? Really?

Have you?

And there it sits: you’ve printed it out, 400 or so pages of “finished” manuscript. It’s a beautiful thing isn’t it?

You’ve poured your heart and soul into writing this latter day Dickens classic; stayed up late, consumed generous quantities of coffee and wine in equal measures; torn at your hair with increasing frustration; ignored the pain between your shoulder blades as the muse takes you into a state of near euphoria; left it to brew and rewritten; cried and laughed hysterically as you put a line through huge swathes of the epic that didn’t work.

You’re all finished now.

Everything possible has been done and that’s all that can be said. You sit on floor, staring at that mound of paper and you wonder what to do next…

Publish and be damned, you think, and out it goes, off to Smashwords and Lulu, bursting onto Kindle and iBook, flooding into every self-publishing outlet you can find. You get details up on your website, you twitter its arrival to the world. You take the plunge and sign up to Facebook.

At last, you are a writer!

Well, hey now, Dostoevsky, slow down a minute there…haven’t you forgotten something? Haven’t you missed out an important step?

Rule 1 of Write Club: You don’t talk about…no…no that’s not it.

Rule 1 of Write Club is that you are not the best judge of your final draft. First of all you’ve been over the damn manuscript a zillion times and that just isn’t a good recipe for judging it – your mind will fill in blanks that are obvious to an outsider because you have lived and breathed these characters, you’ll miss all the typos because your brain skips over the text (you’ve read it before, you see, you know how it ends!).

Rule 2 of Write Club: If you’re serious about your work, you’ll need an editor. You’ll need to find one you trust, one who believes in you and one who will help you polish your epic novel to damn near perfection. Why? Why? I refer my learned friend to the “serious” word. Okay, if you just write for fun and are not too bothered, then publish and be damned. If you take it SERIOUSLY, then you’re novel ain’t finished yet…there’s work to do…it needs to be done…take a deep, shaky breath and get on with it.

Rule 3 of Write Club: Like writers, there are a zillion editors out there, most are rubbish, some are pretty good, the select few are brilliant. Obviously your mission dear writer, if you choose to accept it, is to avoid the rubbish editors – you know the ones who will speed read in a day and tell you it’s fine but miss the big typo in the first paragraph (or the fact that your main character changes sex halfway through) and then charge you a sixty quid reading fee. Let’s face it, you’re not going to be able to afford the best of the best, so your job is to find someone who is good and who likes your work enough to put the effort in, and, of course, who won’t charge you too much.

Ideally you want someone who is going to edit for content and copy. Content editing is about how your book flows, whether it makes sense, are there any continuity errors and so on. Copy editing is about the accuracy of your written work – the grammar, the choice of words etc. Find someone who can do this well and who is willing to take you on is your final mission. If they’re good, they’ll take your novel and cut away all the rough edges. What should be left, if you’ve both done your jobs well, is something worth reading.

So now, as always, it’s your turn. Have you a good experience of an editor you want to share? Do you offer an editing service? Let The Feckless Goblin know in the comments section below.

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How not to build your Twitter following

I had nothing better to do this week so I thought I’d take a look at a couple of those sites you can use to build your Twitter following. You know, sites like Tweetbig and Twiends. I know that’s important to us writers, so I decided to waste a little capital on what I, and possibly you, already know.

Tweetbig (or Tweet fuck all, as it’s more commonly known)
Offers to build your following, targeting it to successful tweeters who match your criteria. Nice simple interface with a sections for keywords and successful accounts. But either they’ve gone away for the holidays or they just don’t give a shit. Their 24/7 support is non-existent and, apart from an initial flurry of followers, nothing much happened.

Ziggy’s verdict:Take the old adage, if it sounds too good to be true, then it probably is. Avoid like the plague.

On the surface Twiends seems like a good idea but if you’re serious about getting targeted followers who are more likely to engage with your business/ideas/website etc, then frankly it’s just a load of bunkum. Twiends basically offers incentives for people to follow you in the form of credits. You buy credits, the credits get offered to people who can’t be arsed to buy them. It sounds complicated but it’s not really.

You’ll get a lot of followers for your twitter account but they’ll follow you to earn credits to get people to follow them and they won’t be at all interested in what you have to offer. Maybe if the guys at Twiend tweak the product it might be useful for those of us who want to grow a meaningful following – at the moment it falls pretty short of the mark.

Ziggy’s verdict: I really wanted this one to work and I kind of like the idea. But somehow, like most of the other develop your twitter following sites, it’s just lacking something somewhere….mmmm…I wonder what it is….Thanks to Twiend I’m now being followed by a Filipino prostitute, a transsexual serial killer and a nihilistic penguin called reggie…and a nice looking girl from Egypt who seems to like to post all the English Premier football scores…go figure…

And one other Twitter thing…

Something else is pissing me off about these sites – when you try to get a review, Google has been flooded with “fake” testimonials on just about every site there is to have a testimonial/review. This is basically what bad companies do to dampen the affect of bad press or bad reviews. They pay people in india 2 pence a day to write countless blog and mock press releases that clog up the system. People generally tend to look at the first couple or so pages of a search, so if you can fill that all up with good reviews you can reduce the damage done by adverse publicity. Get my drift???

The guys at Twiend and Tweetbig know this. Let me say that again: The guys at Twiend and Tweetbig know this! (Just see if I can’t improve the SEO ranking of this blog entry for Twiend and Tweetbig). Anyway, here’s the thing. I would be quite happy to pay a reasonable amount for a targeted, useful following. I’m not prepared to pay for something I could quite easily do myself without breaking sweat.

I know that Twitter puts barriers in the way of companies like TweetBig and Twiends, but, for god’s sake guys, stop taking us for a ride will yah!!! Give us something we can goddamn use, you goddamn fakers you!!!

 Ziggy’s Top Tip: You’re better off with 10 good followers who will retweet you than 1,000 fuckwits who won’t even look at their twitter account again. Build your twitter following slowly and don’t fret about having thousands of “adoring” fans (they’re not adoring, they’re not even looking in your direction, stupid, they don’t even have their goddamn PC on…capiche???)

Okay, so I was going to do a few more reviews. But then I had a couple of scotches and I thought: WTF, the rest of them aren’t going to be any different…

There, I haven’t had a rant in ages, so it’s out now, and I feel all the better for it. 

Let me know if you’ve had any “good” experience of sites like these, or maybe you’d just like to reinforce the bad ones…I need another drink…yah-de-yah…

UPDATE: Wow, they added a Justin Beiber fan site to my following…I am honoured…

Just an update (6th Jan 2011): With Twiends I got around 5,000 followers which looked good until I realised they  might as well be cake sprinkles for all the good they do. They sit there, don’t even wave. And then, yesterday, TweetBig, the big fat con artists, took $15 out of my paypal account without my permission. My advice: Give both these companies a wide berth, Twiends is essentially pointless, TweetBig…well you can make up your own mind about them…

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Eew That’s Soooo Gross! by Jeff Bennington

If you enjoy reading or writing within the horror genre or anything close to the paranormal, you were probably asked by a wimpy gool-a-phobe at one time or another, “Why do you read or write that? It’s so gross!” It’s a very typical question and I’ve been asked to explain my obsession with deathly thrillers more than once. It is a fair question.

Not everyone understands the genre. After all, we’re not all perfect; they’ll catch up eventually.

Give ‘em time.

At any rate, the answer has never puzzled me. In fact I can answer with one word: FEAR. That’s right. I write paranormal thrillers, because of fear. Does that surprise you? Perhaps I can clear things up.

After writing a third novel (not yet published) I realized that I am writing books that revolve around death and poltergeists and ghosts and dark secret societies. Oh, there are other themes and social issues included within those pages, but I was really taken aback by my observation. I didn’t set out to write horror stories or create characters whose skin wiggles with creepy crawlers; it just happened; it was what my stories required because of, enter the magic word, FEAR.

Fear is a very powerful and driving force in our lives, one that I feel all the time. Fear drives us to keep our doors locked at night. Fear is the reason we use those beepy key-fobs to lock our cars. It’s the reason people keep guns in their homes. And for the fabulously fearful type, fear is what keeps us awake at night when we hear the floor squeak for no apparent reason.

Fear has made shows like Ghost Hunters and Paranormal State extremely popular. Why? Because as a society we fear death, we fear illness, we fear monsters, we fear bankruptcy and out of control kids. We fear so many things, that we build our lives around fear (i.e. go to college for fear of failure, save $ for fear of a financial downturn). It is because of fear that we relate to what’s happening in a scary story. And that is why horror and all things scary resonate with readers and so many writers.

It’s really quite ironic actually, that a good scare would make for great therapy. But somehow, the tools of trepidation work. Reading and writing frightening fiction has been an incredible release for me and has allowed me to accept and understand many of my fears…and move forward, the brave and fearless soul that I am. Ehem. Scuse me.

Okay, I’ll admit it; I’m still a little afraid of the dark and I scare easily, but it’s only research, yeah, that’s what it is, research, so I can better delineate that inner-dark-shadowy-rapscallion hiding in the darkness that we are all so afraid of, right? Right?

Jeff Bennington is author of Killing the Giants, and The Rumblin
Blog: The Writing Bomb
Twitter: @TweetTheBook

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